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The Lion King 1½
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The Lion King 1½
Lionking1 12.png

Bradley Raymond


George A. Mendoza


Tom Rogers


   Tim Rice
   Elton John
   Seth Friedman
   Martin Erskine
   Johnny Clegg
   Don L. Harper
   Lebo M
   Ennio Morricone


   Nathan Lane
   Ernie Sabella
   Matthew Broderick
   Julie Kavner
   Jerry Stiller
   Moira Kelly
   Robert Guillaume


DisneyToon Studios


Walt Disney Home Entertainment


February 10, 2004

Thought you knew The Lion King? You don't know the ½ of it!
―The tagline for the film

The Lion King 1½ (also known as The Lion King 3: Hakuna Matata in some countries outside the United States) is a direct-to-video part prequel/part parallel (or "in-between-quel" according to the film's teaser trailer) animated film to 1994's The Lion King, made by DisneyToon Studios. The movie focuses on the meerkat/warthog duo Timon and Pumbaa before they met the young lion Simba and how Simba lived with them.

As the original 1994 film was based partially on the Shakespearean play Hamlet this movie is highly suspected to be inspired by Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead, a play that created a humorous back story for two minor characters from Hamlet.

Plot summary

The film begins with Timon and Pumbaa viewing the opening act of the original film The Lion King in a dark movie theater when Timon suddenly uses a remote control to fast forward to where they appear in the film. Pumbaa argues that the film shouldn't go out of order, and attempts to rewind the film back to the beginning. After arguing back and forth, Timon decides to show Pumbaa his backstory where he lived in a meerkat colony far away from Pride Rock.

The meerkats glare at Timon for collapsing their tunnel

Timon was one of the worst diggers underground. While his mother has always been sympathetic and encouraging of Timon, his Uncle Max is more skeptical and embarrassed by his nephew. Timon's mother convinces Uncle Max to give Timon a job as sentry. The job results in disaster when Uncle Max narrowly escapes being eaten by the three hyenas Shenzi, Banzai and Ed. Timon loses the little respect he had from is colony and leaves, hoping to find his place in the world.

The hyenas invade the colony

On his journey, Timon meets Rafiki who tells him that he seeks "Hakuna Matata" and tells him how to get there. Timon mistakes Rafiki's words of wisdom as an actual place located at Pride Rock.

Timon meets Pumbaa

Along the way, Timon and Pumbaa meet for the first time. Unfortunately, Timon was scared of predators which made Timon and Pumbaa scream loudly when they bump into each other. The adventures of Timon and Pumbaa begin to coincide with the events of The Lion King at this point. When they walk through the herd of animals witnessing the presentation of the new-born Simba, Pumbaa becomes a victim of his demophobia-triggered flatulence problem and the terrible smell makes a few animals collapse. The animals at the front see this and believe that the fallen animals are bowing, and soon, they all bow together, too.

Timon, Pumbaa, and Simba enjoying their carefree lifestyle

Timon and Pumbaa continue their journey and find a new home near Pride Rock. One morning, they are disturbed by some noise from outside, which is actually Simba, Nala, Zazu, and the animals singing "I Just Can't Wait to be King." Timon gets mad and hits the leg of an elephant supporting the tower of animals. The elephant jumps in surprise and causes the tower to collapse, explaining why it collapsed in the original film. Timon and Pumbaa's home is ruined by this event and they set off to find another home. On the way, they travel to the Elephant Graveyard and witness Mufasa saving Simba, Nala and Zazu from the hyenas. That night, going further into the graveyard, they witness an army of hyenas marching to "Be Prepared," and the duo run away.

Timon introduces Ma and Uncle Max to Pumbaa

Later, they end up in the gorge only to encounter a wildebeest stampede, which is the same one from the original film where Simba loses his father. In the midst of it all they fall down a waterfall and, just as Timon is about to give up, find themselves before a large, luscious empty jungle in which they make their new home. Later, they find Simba and the film shows us some of their life in the jungle throughout the years.

As an adult, Simba re-encounters his childhood friend Nala, and Timon and Pumbaa try everything to stop Simba from falling in love with her. This has disastrous results, although explaining a few things not touched in the original film: Simba and Nala fell off the cliff because Timon and Pumbaa tripped them with a vine; and Timon and Pumbaa re-appear at the end of the "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" sequence at another place because they were running around trying to interfere with the lions during the song. Although they fail, Timon is happy when he notices Simba arguing with Nala and running off to the grasslands. They go back to sleep, mistaking Mufasa's ghost appearing in the clouds as bad weather.

Simba embraces the duo for helping him

However, in the morning, they realize that Simba has returned home to challenge Scar. Pumbaa follows after Nala and Simba, leaving Timon alone. Rafiki appears before Timon but before he can say anything, Timon realizes that his "Hakuna Matata" is all about his friends, not his home. Timon catches up with Pumbaa and together they head to Pride Rock. There, Timon re-encounters his mother and Uncle Max for the first time at Pride Rock, since he left the colony. They battle the hyenas while Simba fights with Scar. Thanks to Timon's quick thinking, the hyenas roll down a tunnel just in time to meet Scar after he is defeated and thrown from Pride Rock by Simba, into the burning flames below. After the defeat of Scar, Simba becomes the new king, thanking Timon and Pumbaa for all their help. Timon tells his mother that he found his place but something is still missing – his family. In the end, Timon and Pumbaa return to their jungle paradise, bringing Timon's entire meerkat colony with them. The meerkats now have a safe, work-free, predator-free place to call home and Timon is hailed a great hero.

Timon, Pumbaa, and friends in the jungle

When the film is over, Pumbaa says he wants to watch it again, but Timon refuses to. However, Timon's mother, Uncle Max, Simba, and Rafiki suddenly arrive and request to watch the film as well. They are then joined by numerous Disney characters, first by Mickey Mouse, then Snow White and her seven dwarfs, and so on. Timon gives up and begins to replay the film. Right before the credits roll, Pumbaa says that he's still not used to crowds.


  • Timon (voiced by Nathan Lane), the main protagonist. He is a meerkat who is somewhat self-centered, selfish, and distracted, but he shows strong loyalty and respect towards his friends.
  • Pumbaa (voiced by Ernie Sabella), the deuteragonist. He is a warthog who is slow-witted, yet very empathic, and he would be anyone's friend.
  • Simba (voiced by Matthew Broderick as an adult and teen and by Matt Weinberg as a cub), the tritagonist. He is a lion who leaves his home at Pride Rock after believing that he killed his father and he becomes Timon and Pumbaa's close friend.
  • Ma (voiced by Julie Kavner), the secondary deuteragonist. She is Timon's mother who is quite protective and attached to her son, often trying to get him accepted amongst the colony. She sometimes has small arguments with Uncle Max.
  • Uncle Max (voiced by Jerry Stiller), the secondary tritagonist. He is Timon's cranky, old uncle who has an unfriendly relationship with his nephew, but it softens towards the end of the film.
  • Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed (voiced by Whoopi Goldberg, Cheech Marin, and Jim Cummings), the main antagonists. They are a trio of hyenas who serve as Scar's henchmen.
  • Nala (voiced by Moira Kelly) is Simba's childhood friend as a cub and later, his mate as an adult. She appears very briefly in the movie, and she has an extended conversation with Timon and Pumbaa about Simba's past.
  • Rafiki (voiced by Robert Guillaume) is a wise, old mandrill who, in this movie, teaches Timon about Hakuna Matata.
  • Zazu (voiced by Edward Hibbert) is a hornbill who serves as Mufasa's majordomo.
  • Mufasa and Scar make appearances but have no lines. Sarabi has a cameo.


In April 2000, it was announced that the Walt Disney Company selected Jeff Ahlholm, Colin Goldman, and Tom Rogers to write the script for The Lion King 3. It was scheduled to arrive in video stores sometime in 2001.[1] In May 2003, it was announced The Lion King 1½ will be scheduled for home video release in early spring 2004 with Nathan Lane, Ernie Sabella, and Matthew Broderick reprising their original roles, and Elton John and Tim Rice returning to compose a new song, "Meerkat Rhapsody".[2]


Upon its initial release, The Lion King 1½ was accompanied by with a marketing campaign tie-in with McDonald's with six Happy Meal toys including Simba, Rafiki, Timon, Pumbaa, Mufasa and Ed.[3]

Home video

In May 2003, the DVD edition was confirmed to include music videos, deleted scenes, behind-the-scenes views of how the movie was made, and two featurettes: Timon -- The Early Years; a mockumentary tracing Timon's childhood through tongue-in-cheek interviews with family and friends; and Disney's Funniest Moments, highlighting Disney animated characters from the Seven Dwarfs to Brother Bear. Two games also will be including a virtual safari backlot tour through the Pride Lands ride and a Lion King trivia game in the format of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire titled Who Wants to Be King of the Jungle?, hosted by Meredith Vieira, then-host of the current U.S. syndicated version.[2] In February 2004, more than 3 million copies of its VHS and DVD units were sold in its first days.[4] That same month, Variety reported the film sold about 2.5 million out of 3.1 million copies before its first weekend on DVD generating about $55 million in its first three days of release.[5] A DVD boxed set of the three Lion King films (in two-disc Special Edition formats) was released on December 6, 2004. In January 2005, the film, along with the sequels, went back into moratorium.[6]

The Lion King 1½ was first released on Blu-ray in a The Lion King Blu-ray trilogy on October 4, 2011. It received its separate Blu-ray release on March 6, 2012, just like The Lion King II: Simba's Pride. It was produced in two different packages, a 2-disc version with Blu-ray and DVD, and a DVD edition. The release has also been attached with a new Timon & Pumbaa short, in which they gaze at the night sky as the star constellations resemble their favorite meal: grubs.[7]


The film received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a 76% approval rating based on 17 reviews, with an average rating of 6.4/10.[8]

Frank Lovece of TV Guide gave the film 3½ stars out of 4 stating that "This retelling of THE LION KING (1994) from the point of view of comic sidekicks Timon (voice of Nathan Lane) and Pumbaa (Ernie Sabella) is one of the rare Disney direct-to-video sequels worthy of the original." He went on to say that 'the only aspect of the film that feels forced is the revisionist positioning of Timon as young Simba's step-dad, which has no emotional echo in the first film. The quality of the animation is surprisingly impressive; some static backgrounds are the primary concession to a small-screen budget and the fluid character movements and expressions are vastly superior to those of, say, the Timon and Pumbaa TV cartoon series.'"[9] Joe Leydon of Variety gave the film a positive review, writing "toddlers and preschoolers will be equally enchanted and amused by colorful toon shenanigans."[10]

Awards and nominations

  • 2005 Annie Award for
    • "Best Home Entertainment Production" (Won)
    • "Music in an Animated Feature Production" (Nominated)
  • 2005 DVD Exclusive Awards in the following categories:
    • Best Animated Character Performance (Nathan Lane - voice, Alexis Stadermann - animator) for "Timon" (Won)
    • Best Animated DVD Premiere Movie (Won)
    • Best Director (of a DVD Premiere Movie) - Bradley Raymond (Won)
    • Best Editing (of a DVD Premiere Movie) - Joyce Arrastia (Won)
    • Best Screenplay (for a DVD Premiere Movie) - Tom Rogers (Won)
  • 2005 Saturn Award
    • "Best DVD Release" (Nominated)


The film soundtrack The Lion King 1½: Songs From Timon and Pumbaa's Hilarious Adventure was released to CD by Disney Records on February 10, 2004. It includes two songs from the film: "That's All I Need," re-performed by Nathan Lane as Timon, and "Digga Tunnah." The rest of the soundtrack includes various R&B tracks, including remakes of the Kool and the Gang classic "Jungle Boogie" by The French, and two instrumental pieces from Lion King 1½ composer Don L. Harper. The theme of The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly composed by Ennio Morricone also appears on the soundtrack.

  1. "Grazing in the Grass" - (Raven-Symoné)
  2. "Digga Tunnah Dance" - (Lebo M and Vinx)
  3. "That's All I Need" - (Nathan Lane)
  4. "Hakuna Matata" - (Lane and Ernie Sabella)
  5. "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" (Lebo M)
  6. "Jungle Boogie" - (Kool and the Gang)
  7. "Timon's Traveling Theme" - (Lebo M)
  8. "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly" - (Ennio Morricone)


  • This movie tells the story of Timon's origin, how he first met Pumbaa and how their friendship came to be. However, the episode "Once Upon a Timon" of The Lion King's Timon & Pumbaa told a similar yet different storyline of Timon's past and how he and Pumbaa first met and became friends. This is presumably due to DisneyToon Studios and Walt Disney Television Animation not speaking to each other enough to maintain consistency between their works.
    • The episode "Mombasa-In-Law" presented a different portrayal of Timon's mother than that of The Lion King 1½, though it was revealed at the end of the episode that she was actually Timon's practical joking friend Fred in disguise and Timon did state that he barely recognized her when he first saw her.
    • Despite that, the film does contain several (possible) references to Timon & Pumbaa, such as Timon calling Pumbaa "my porcine pal" and tripling Pumbaa's name (both of which he did quite often in the series), as well as calling his mother "Ma" (like he did in the aforementioned "Mombasa-In-Law" episode). Additionally, one of the meerkats singing "Digga Tunnah" bears a resemblance to Fred from the TV series (minus the red nose and buck teeth).[11]
    • The shot where Timon grabs a leaf from a tree and uses it to wipe himself is a reference to the Timon & Pumbaa episode "Congo on Like This".[12]
  • Despite this film being a prequel/midquel/parallel to the original, aside from the aforementioned contradiction with "Once Upon a Timon", it contains a number of inconsistencies with said film. Some of the listed inconsistencies may have explanations while others are irreconcilable:
    • Timon does not recognize Rafiki in the original film, yet this movie shows that he previously met, and learned Hakuna Matata from, Rafiki and recognized him all throughout his journey.
    • This film shows that during Simba's presentation, all the animals in the back passed out due to Pumbaa's gas, making the animals in front mistakenly believe they are bowing and decide to bow themselves. However, in the original film, it is shown that none of the animals have passed out.
    • Timon and Pumbaa find their first home on the day Simba was born and are woken up by "I Just Can't Wait to be King". It's possible that they stayed there for longer than it was shown, but unlikely considering their reactions making it clear that it's the next day.
    • All the animals fall on top of each other, crushing Timon and Pumbaa's first home. However, in the original film, the animals run away, leaving Zazu trapped under a rhino.
    • When an adult Simba and Nala recognize each other and rejoice over their reunion, Timon and Pumbaa are not in their original positions. In the first film, Pumbaa was still stuck under the tree root with Timon atop of it, whereas in this film, they are where they were when they started singing "Can You Feel the Love Tonight".
    • This film shows Timon witnessing Simba and Nala's fight in which Simba storms off, making Timon rejoice over their separation. However, in the first film, when Nala asks Timon and Pumbaa if they've seen Simba, which happens after her fight with him, Timon replies that he thought Simba was with her.
    • In this film, Shenzi, Banzai, and Ed chase Timon and Pumbaa into a cave after they hula dance, but in the original film, many hyenas are seen chasing them.
    • When Simba confronts Scar at the top of Pride Rock in the original film, the hyenas are shown to have followed him to the top and watch Scar calling them the enemies, which results in them turning on him. However, this film shows the hyenas focusing their attention on Timon and Pumbaa while Simba confronts Scar at the top of Pride Rock. While it could be interpreted that the hyenas overheard Scar's betrayal before going after the duo, the elapsed time seems too short for that.
    • The final scene implies that Timon and Pumbaa returned to their jungle home with the rest of Timon's colony, with Simba going along with them, yet in the original film, they are all residing at Pride Rock in the finale. Given that the film transitions from Simba's coronation to the jungle, it's possible that Timon and Pumbaa returned to the jungle just after Simba became King, and then returned for Kiara's presentation in the second film.
  • A total of twenty hidden Mickeys appear in the movie. The last one is Mickey Mouse himself.[13]
  • This is the only Lion King film where the title doesn't make a second appearance at the end of the film.
  • Timon's line "Pumbaa, this could be the start of a beautiful... acquaintanceship." is a reference to the film Casablanca.
  • It is revealed from Timon that Shenzi's full name is "Shenzi Marie Predatora Veldetta Jacquelina Hyena".
    • This is the second installment in the franchise in which a character is given a full name. The first being The Lion King's Timon & Pumbaa, in which Timon's is revealed to be "Timon Leslie Berkowitz" and Pumbaa's is revealed to be "Pumbaa Smith".
  • This is the first direct-to-video film released under the Disneytoon Studios label after Disney MovieToons/Disney Video Premiere split from Disney Television Animation, which was then known as Walt Disney Television Animation, to be owned by Walt Disney Animation Studios, which was then named Walt Disney Feature Animation, in January 2003 & then, renamed Disneytoon Studios in June of that year.
  • Several story elements are recycled from early concepts of the original Lion King:
    • In the beginning of the film, when Timon is about to explain his background, he and Pumbaa sing "When I/he was a young meerkat!" This was a verse that Timon was supposed to sing in the first film, explaining his background.
    • "That's All I Need" is a reworked version of "Warthog Rhapsody", which was scrapped in favor of Hakuna Matata.[14]
      • The song was originally titled "Meerkat Rhapsody" in early development.
    • Several of the shenanigans that Simba gets into in this film mirrors ones shown in concept art for "Warthog Rhapsody".
    • When Nala alerts Timon and Pumbaa of Simba returning to Pride Rock to challenge Scar, Timon refuses to stay, only to come along and later help Simba. This was a deleted scene from the 1993 script of The Lion King.[15]



  1. Lyons, Charles. Disney taps cubs to pen direct-to-vid ‘Lion King 3′. Variety. April 12, 2001.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Villa, Joan. Dis fills 'Lion' gaps with '1 1/2' (Fee required). The Hollywood Reporter. May 9, 2003.
  3. DeMott, Matt. McDonald's Happy Meals Feature Lion King 1 1/2 Toys. Animation World Magazine. February 5, 2004.
  4. Desowitz, Bill. Lion King 1 1/2 Roars in Home Theaters. Animation World Magazine. February 13, 2004.
  5. Herrick, Scott. ‘Lion’ sequel DVD roaring. Variety. February 15, 2004.
  6. Out of Print Disney DVDs.
  7. Lui, Ed. Lion King 1 1/2" and "Lion King 2" Coming to Blu-ray, DVD, and Digital on March 6, 2012. Toon Zone.
  8. The Lion King 1½ Movie Reviews, Pictures. Rotten Tomatoes.
  10. Leydon, Joe. Review: ‘The Lion King 1½’. Variety. February 10, 2004.
  11. Fred resemblance.png
  12. Timon leaf wipe.png
  14. Keoenig, David. Mouse Under Glass (June 2, 1994). ISBN: 0964060515.
  15. Revealed in Disney's The Lion King (1993). Written by Irene Mecchi and Jonathan Roberts.