"Do you see any other big, lovable chunk of warthog here?"
This article is about the character from the 1994 film.
You may be looking for the character from the 2019 film.


Spirit Mufasa.png


Teen Muffy.png

Physical information




Hair color

Black, gold, red, and tan

Eye color


Biographical information
Also known as

   Dad (by Simba)
   Father (by Simba)
   Grandfather Mufasa (by Kion)
   King Mufasa (by Zazu)




Pride Lands


   Great Kings of the Past
   Pride Landers
   Pride Lands monarchy
   Simba's pride


   King of Pride Rock
   Great King of the Past

Relationship information

Scar (brother)
Sarabi (mate)
Simba (son)
Kion (grandson)
Kiara (granddaughter)
Nala (daughter-in-law)
Askari (distant relative)



We are all connected in the great Circle of Life.

Mufasa is a male lion. He is the king of Pride Rock who precedes Simba. He is the mate of Sarabi, with whom he has a son: Simba.

After the birth of his son, Simba, Mufasa trained him in the ways of an upright monarch, schooling him in such matters as the Circle of Life. During this time, Mufasa's younger brother, Scar, plotted against him and used a stampede to endanger Simba. In his attempt to save Simba from the stampede, Mufasa was thrown from the side of a high cliff by Scar and died from the fall. Simba found his father's body after the stampede, and Scar convinced him that he was to blame for Mufasa's death, which prompted Simba to flee the Pride Lands.

For years, Simba grew up in self-exile until an encounter with Mufasa's spirit prompted him to return to the Pride Lands and reestablish his birthright as king. During his confrontation with Scar, Simba learned that Scar was to blame for Mufasa's death, and he exiled Scar from the Pride Lands. After Scar's defeat and death, Simba ascended Pride Rock, with Mufasa's spirit watching him from the stars. In the years afterward, Mufasa's spirit continued to stay present in the Pride Lands, as he was present at the presentation ceremony of Kiara, Simba's daughter, and frequently offered advice to Kion, Simba's son.

Following the return of Scar's ghost, Mufasa encouraged Simba and Kion to take Scar down and save the Pride Lands. After the battle, when Kion journeyed to the Tree of Life in the aftermath of the battle, Mufasa reassured Kion that his scar, which he had received in the battle, did not define him. Later, Mufasa told Kion that it was his choice to either stay and serve Queen Rani or return to Pride Rock with his family and uphold his position as the leader of the Lion Guard.

When the Outsiders threatened the Pride Lands, Mufasa advised Rafiki to unite Kiara and Kovu, Scar's heir, in the hopes of ending the conflict between the Outsiders and the Pride Landers. The plan was successful; Zira was defeated, and Kovu married Kiara. Mufasa was present at both of his grandchildren's wedding ceremonies.



An adolescent Mufasa teases his younger brother, whom he nicknames "Scar"

Mufasa was born as the heir to the throne of Pride Rock, while his younger brother served as the leader of the Lion Guard. When the two were adolescents, Mufasa's brother returned to Pride Rock after a solo patrol in the Outlands. He informed Mufasa of his victory over a rogue lion's attempt to take over the Pride Lands. In response, Mufasa playfully nicknamed him "Scar," after the facial wound he had received from the incident.

Presumably, Mufasa was betrothed to Sarabi from a young age, as per the law of the monarchy. Eventually, Mufasa became the new king and had a son, Simba. He presumably came to an agreement with Sarafina to betroth Simba to her daughter, Nala.

The Lion King

A king's time as ruler rises and falls like the sun. One day, Simba, the sun will set on my time here and will rise with you as the new king.
―Mufasa teaches Simba[src]

Mufasa and his mate, Sarabi, during the presentation of their newborn son, Simba

Mufasa is first seen during the opening sequence when the Pride Landers come to the presentation of his newborn son, Simba. Prior to the presentation, Mufasa stands regally atop Pride Rock as its king and regards Zazu's respect with a warm smile. Rafiki soon appears, and the two embrace before going to check on Sarabi. Mufasa nuzzles her as they watch the baboon anoint their cub. The two smile at each other as Simba is presented.

Mufasa later chastises his younger brother Scar, who has caught Zazu in his mouth. He then confronts Scar about being absent at the presentation of Simba. The younger lion is snide to Mufasa, something which causes the king to respond with hostility.

Mufasa chastises his brother, Scar, for disrespecting Simba's title as future king

After dominating Scar, Mufasa ponders what to do with his brother, to which Zazu suggests they turn him into a throw rug. The king and his majordomo laugh as they take their leave.

Once Simba grows into a rambunctious cub, he arouses his father one morning, and Mufasa takes his son to Pride Rock's summit to show him the kingdom. He informs Simba that the land will one day be passed on to Simba when he becomes king. Simba asks about the "shadowy place," and Mufasa warns him never to go there since it is beyond their borders.

Mufasa teaches Simba about the Circle of Life

Simba replies that he had thought that a king can do whatever he wants, and Mufasa explains there's more to being king than having his way all the time.

As the father and son go for a walk around the Pride Lands, Mufasa lectures his son about the circle of life, explaining that every living creature exists in a delicate balance. Mufasa further explains that the antelope may be food for the lion, but when a lion dies, his body becomes the grass and essentially food for the antelope.

In the midst of the lesson, Zazu appears and gives Mufasa the morning report. Mufasa notices Simba's attempts at pouncing and uses the majordomo as target practice for his son.

Mufasa gives Simba a lesson in pouncing using Zazu, the royal majordomo, as a target

He laughs when Simba succeeds, but reports from the underground via a mole that hyenas have trespassed into the Pride Lands turn his carefree demeanor into seriousness. He leaps over Simba to fix the problem and orders Zazu to take Simba home, forbidding Simba to come with him.

When Simba and his friend Nala venture into the Elephant Graveyard, Mufasa appears in the nick of time to save the cubs from the hyenas. After the hyenas run away in fear, Mufasa briefly scolds his son for deliberately disobeying him before he demands they go home.

Mufasa defends Simba and his best friend, Nala, from a trio of hungry hyenas

After ordering Zazu to take Nala home, Mufasa expresses disappointment in Simba for almost getting himself and Nala killed.

As Simba tells his father that he was attempting to show bravery, Mufasa reminds him that being brave doesn't mean that one should go looking for trouble, but that one should be in times of need. He then admits that he was scared because he almost lost Simba. When Simba asks his father if they'll always be together, Mufasa tells Simba to let him tell him something his father told him which is about the great kings of the past, who look down on them from the stars. Mufasa also tells Simba that the Great Kings and himself will always be there to guide him whenever he feels alone.

Mufasa teaches Simba about their ancestors, the Great Kings of the Past

Mufasa is last seen alive during the stampede, intentionally caused by the hyenas, under Scar's orders. Zazu reports to Mufasa about the herd being on the move, prompting the king's suspicions. Just then, Scar reports that Simba is trapped in a stampede in the gorge. Frightened, Mufasa rushes to the gorge. After locating Simba, who is clinging to a weak branch, Mufasa jumps into the mess of hooves without hesitation. He gets knocked down by one of the wildebeests, but then another rams into the branch, sending Simba flying into the air. Mufasa leaps and catches Simba in midair, but he bumps into another wildebeest, dropping Simba on impact.

Mufasa quickly grabs his son and takes him to safety before a wildebeest drags him back into the chaos. However, with a powerful leap, Mufasa clings to and scales the slope of the gorge, only to meet Scar at its top.

Mufasa rescues Simba from a wildebeest stampede

He begs Scar to help him, but Scar pierces Mufasa's paws and taunts him with the words "long live the king." Scar lets go of his brother's paws, and Mufasa falls to his death.

Mufasa's broken body is soon found by Simba, who is convinced by his father's killer that he is responsible for Mufasa's death and so must run away. Leaving Mufasa's corpse behind, Simba proceeds to turn his back on his past, shunning the memory of his father's teachings.

Years later, when Simba is a young adult, Rafiki tells him that Mufasa is still alive. Eager to see his father again, Simba follows the baboon and is disappointed to see only his reflection.

Mufasa falls to his death

However, when instructed to look harder, he stares into the very eyes of his father. Mufasa's voice then hovers above him, and he curiously looks up to meet his father's ghost.

The ghost accuses Simba of forgetting him, something which Simba vehemently denies, but the ghost counters that Simba has forgotten who he is and has thus forgotten his father. He tells Simba to return to the Pride Lands, but Simba protests that he isn't who he used to be. Mufasa's ghost then reminds Simba that he is his son and the one true king. He then disappears into the clouds, repeating the word "remember" as Simba gives chase, begging his father to stay.

Mufasa's spirit appears to Simba, encouraging him to return to the Pride Lands and take his rightful place as king

After Simba takes his father's advice to return, he is tricked by Scar into revealing that he is the cause of Mufasa's death and is almost killed by Scar in the same manner as his father had been. However, Scar confesses that he had killed Mufasa. Simba experiences a brief flashback and sees Mufasa fall to his death. Enraged, Simba forces Scar to admit his role in the murder. In a vicious fight, Simba defeats Scar and proceeds to take back the throne. Following Scar's defeat and death, Simba ascends Pride Rock to take his rightful place as king. As he reaches the promontory of Pride Rock, he hears Mufasa's voice telling him to "remember." Mufasa's words give Simba courage, and he roars over his new kingdom.

The Lion King II: Simba's Pride

You have a plan? What? Kovu...Kiara...together? This is the plan? Are you crazy? This will never work! Oh, Mufasa, you been up there too long. Your head is in the clouds! Okay, okay, okay! Okay! All right, okay! I don't think this is going to work...but I trust you. I just hope you know what you are doing!
―Rafiki in reaction to Mufasa's plan[src]

Mufasa's spirit watches over Kiara's presentation

Mufasa makes his first appearance in spirit, watching over his granddaughter's presentation. He later tells his old friend Rafiki through the wind about his plan to make Kiara and Kovu fall in love with each other. In Simba's nightmare, Mufasa is seen crying out for his son's help so that he won't fall into the wildebeest stampede below. However, as Simba reaches out, he is stopped by Scar, who pierces his left paw with his claws. Unable to hang on any longer, Mufasa falls to his death.

The king is later mentioned during the exile of Kovu when Kiara yells that Simba will never be Mufasa. Simba is taken aback and hurt by the statement, suggesting he had been trying to live up to the greatness which Mufasa had achieved in his time as the ruler of the Pride Lands. At the end of the film after the Outsiders and the Pride Landers are united, Mufasa's spirit says to Simba, "Well done, my son. We are one."

The Lion King 1½

Mufasa in the clouds

In the prequel/midquel, Mufasa makes a few non-speaking appearances for which he is present in the original film. First, he is seen during Simba's presentation, grinning when Zazu tells him that the animals are kneeling before his newborn son. His roar later frightens Timon and Pumbaa as he races with Zazu to save Simba and Nala from the hyenas. Finally, he forms as a ghost in the clouds, telling Simba to return to the Pride Lands. Timon mistakes his ghost for bad weather.

The Lion Guard: Return of the Roar

When Simba refuses to accept Kion's choice for the Lion Guard, Kion isolates himself from his friends and encounters the ghost of Mufasa. The wise king tells Kion that he is going to embark on a great journey as leader of the Lion Guard. Kion replies that he doesn't think that Simba will let him be leader, but Mufasa gently reminds Kion that Simba is worried because he loves Kion.

Kion admits that he is not ready to lead the Lion Guard or use the Roar of the Elders. He says that he doesn't want to end up like Scar, the previous leader of the Lion Guard. Mufasa replies by telling his grandson to trust his instincts and then promises that the Roar will be there for him when he needs it, as will Mufasa.

Other roles

The Stage Musical

Mufasa in the stage musical

In the musical production, Mufasa's role is much larger. He is given new songs to sing, such as "The Morning Report" and "They Live in You," during which he tells young Simba about the great kings of the past, who are watching over them from the stars. There is also an additional scene in which Mufasa tells Zazu about Simba's daring behavior. Zazu then reminds him about his early years as a young cub. Later, after his tragic death, he lies onstage as the lionesses circle him and mourn his passing. In the song "He Lives In You," Mufasa appears as a ghost and tells Simba to go back to the Pride Lands and claim his rightful throne. Finally, Mufasa says, "Remember," before Simba roars as the new king of his kingdom.


The Lion King: Six New Adventures
A Tale of Two Brothers

Kopa recounts stories he'd heard about his grandfather, recalling how Zazu and the other Pride Landers had spoken of him with reverence. Rafiki later mentions Mufasa in a story he tells Simba. In this story, an adolescent Mufasa is roaming the Pride Lands with his father, Ahadi, and brother, Taka, and stumbles upon Rafiki, a traveling baboon who is in search of knowledge. While Ahadi and Mufasa are quick to welcome the newcomer, Taka is antagonistic and hostile.

Mufasa with his father, Ahadi

Later that night, while sitting under the stars with Rafiki, Mufasa admits that his father harbors a strained relationship with Taka. Mufasa explains that he is aware that his younger brother doesn't like him, but that he still cares for Taka.

The next morning, Ahadi promises to take his sons hunting, but a crowd of disgruntled Pride Landers stalls him before the three can depart. Throughout the ordeal, Mufasa sits loyally at his father's shoulder, and when Ahadi is forced to cut the hunting trip short, he does not protest. Ahadi is grateful to him for this and praises his son for his good sense of responsibility, a comment which sparks animosity from Taka. Despite this, Ahadi is forced to leave his sons to attend to the more pressing issue of the hyenas.

Not long after this, Taka tricks Mufasa into talking to Boma, a selfish buffalo who is hogging a source of water, in order to help his father. When the plan goes wrong and Taka is hurt, Ahadi and Mufasa rush to help their kin. The two later leave Taka (now known as Scar) to rest, and Mufasa joins his father as he appoints the first adviser and majordomo of the Pride Lands.

A Snake in the Grass

Mufasa is mentioned when Kopa recounts that the king's death had prompted Simba to run away from the Pride Lands, even though Scar had been the true murderer.

How True, Zazu?

When Zazu is fed lies by the Pride Landers, Mufasa begins to lose faith in him. The king's trust is restored when Zazu alerts him to an army ant attack, saving countless lives. At the end of the story, Mufasa praises his majordomo for his eyes and ears, letting Zazu keep his position as the king's assistant.


Video games

Kingdom Hearts II

Mufasa as he appears in Kingdom Hearts II

By the time Sora, Donald, and Goofy arrive in the Pride Lands, Mufasa has been long-dead, as Simba is already an adult. Much like in the film, Mufasa's ghost tells Simba to return to the Pride Lands and become the rightful king.

TV series

The Lion King's Timon and Pumbaa

Due to his death in the original film, Mufasa does not appear in the television series, although in "Zazu's Off Day Off," a lion that resembles Mufasa comes out of Zazu's clock.

The Lion Guard
"The Rise of Makuu"

Kion comes to Mufasa for advice regarding Makuu, and Mufasa encourages him to stand his ground, even in the face of a fight.

"Bunga the Wise"

After the Lion Guard saves a family of baboons from falling over a cliff, Kion seeks counsel with Mufasa. The cub asks if he should use the Roar of the Elders to blow the big storms away, but Mufasa explains that rain is part of the Circle of Life and that the Pride Lands need water to survive. Kion begrudgingly accepts the words of his grandfather.

"Can't Wait to be Queen"

Mufasa appears to Kion when he is squabbling with Kiara. The old king gently reminds his grandson that Kiara will always need his support, especially when she's wrong, and Kion decides to go back for her.

"The Mbali Fields Migration"

When Kion finds himself unpopular among the herds he's leading, he seeks counsel from Mufasa, who advises him to have confidence in himself and not rely on the opinions of others.

"Never Roar Again"

After nearly hurting Nala with the Roar of the Elders, Kion seeks advice from Mufasa. He explains what had happened when he had used the Roar in anger and confesses his fear that he will turn out like Scar. In answer to this, Mufasa points out that Scar had only ever cared for himself.

He then asks Kion why he had used the Roar, and Kion explains that his mother had been in danger. Mufasa reminds Kion that Scar had never cared for anyone the way Kion cares for Nala, and he encourages Kion to speak to her about the incident.

"The Savannah Summit"

Mufasa advises Kion not to jump to conclusions about Makuu

After Simba accuses Kion of having ruined the Savannah Summit, Kion seeks advice from Mufasa. Kion admits that Simba is upset with him because of his distrust of Makuu, and Mufasa gently asks him what Makuu has done to deserve Kion's ill feelings. This gives Kion pause, and he admits that it is just a feeling he has. Mufasa then quotes Rafiki, who frequently says, "Leap to conclusions, and you leap to confusions." Kion understands his grandfather's train of thought and resolves to save the Summit without drawing his own conclusions.

"The Lion Guard: The Rise of Scar"

Mufasa warns his grandson, Kion, not to lose control of the Roar of the Elders

Concerned at how quickly the start of the dry season has caused things to get out of hand, Kion goes off to consult with Mufasa. Mufasa tells his grandson that the dry season is difficult because there is less food and water, which causes animals to make poor decisions. He also warns Kion to be careful to not lose control of the Roar of the Elders.

Later, Mufasa overlooks Kion and Simba during the musical sequence "Path of Honor".

"The Wisdom of Kongwe"

Kion and Simba consult Mufasa's spirit about the troubling return of Scar. Though Mufasa has never experienced the return of an evil spirit, he assures his family that the strength to defeat Scar lies in themselves, as well as in the rest of the Pride Lands.

"The Kilio Valley Fire"

After Ma Tembo's herd is ousted from Kilio Valley by a fire, Kion seeks advice from the spirit of Mufasa, who encourages him to not doubt himself. Mufasa adds that how one deals with defeat is just as important as how one deals with victory.

"Cave of Secrets"

Mufasa appears in a painting during the musical sequence, "Wisdom on the Walls".

"The Fall of Mizimu Grove"

After the Army of Scar ravages Mizimu Grove, Kion seeks advice from Mufasa, who suggests that he hold on to hope even in the darkest of times.

"Battle for the Pride Lands"

As the Lion Guard prepares to lead the Pride Landers in an invasion of the Outlands, Kion consults Mufasa. Mufasa encourages Kion, noting that any evil can be conquered, but warning that "You can't fight fire with fire." An adolescent Mufasa later appears as Scar recounts his history ("When I Led the Guard") to Ushari, in which he explains how Mufasa had given him the nickname "Scar." In the final confrontation with Scar, Kion is inspired by Mufasa's words and calls upon the Great Kings of the Past to judge Scar thus beating him for good.

"Friends to the End"

Kion considers talking to Mufasa in order to ease his doubts. However, he decides against it after seeing his own reflection in a puddle and feeling ashamed to look like Mufasa's brother and murderer, Scar.

"Long Live the Queen"

Encouraged by Rani, Kion communicates with Mufasa for the first time since receiving his scar. Mufasa expresses pleasure at speaking with his grandson again, and assures him that the injury has not changed Mufasa's feelings for him.

"The Lake of Reflection"

Having decided it might be best to give up the Roar, Kion declares his intentions to Mufasa. Mufasa is supportive of Kion, but notes that, as he never led the Lion Guard, Kion cannot surrender the Roar to him. Based on his advice, Kion goes to Cikha Escarpment and communicates with Askari, leader of the first Lion Guard.

"Journey to the Pride Lands"

Having mastered the Roar, Kion seeks Mufasa's advice on whether he should return to the Pride Lands or remain at the Tree of Life. Mufasa informs Kion that the decision is his to make, and that he should follow his own heart in making it.

"Return to the Pride Lands"

Mufasa appears to the royal family of the Pride Lands - now including Kovu - at Pride Rock. He later appears with the spirits of Janna and Askari during Kion and Rani's wedding at the Tree of Life.

House of Mouse

He is one of the guests in the House of Mouse. In Ask Von Drake he can be seen sitting alongside Simba during The Ludwig Von Drake Song.

Disney parks

At the Disney theme parks, Mufasa was also one of the main characters in "The Legend of the Lion King", a former Fantasyland attraction in Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom, which retold the story of the film using fully-articulated puppets. His face can also be seen in the Hong Kong Disneyland version of It's a Small World. In World of Color at Disney's California Adventure, Mufasa is seen during The Lion King segment. Mufasa's likeness is also featured at Disney's Art of Animation Resort.

Concept art

Much like his brother Scar, Mufasa was supposed to have a bi-colored mane. His red mane also featured some white or cream colors, but most of his conceptual art retained his reddish mane and golden fur as well as his thick mane and frame.

Physical appearance

Mufasa is an exceptionally large and muscular lion, bearing powerful shoulders and a compact build. He has golden fur, with a beige muzzle, paws, and underbelly. His upper eye shades are darker than his main pelt, the lower eye shades are lighter, and his eyebrows are thick and black. Mufasa bears a thick mane of dark scarlet that extends down to his middle chest, and the tip of his tail matches it in color.

Personality and traits

I'm only brave when I have to be. Simba, being brave doesn't mean you go looking for trouble.
―Mufasa to Simba[src]

An adolescent Mufasa teases his younger brother, revealing his more playful nature

According to Scar's memory, as an adolescent, Mufasa is more playful in nature. However, his cheeky personality leads him to unintentionally hurt others' feelings, such as when he playfully nicknames his younger brother "Scar" after he receives an eye injury.

As an adult, Mufasa grows in maturity and regality, becoming a symbol of power who instills respect in every creature, even his enemies, the hyenas. His physical strength is not his only symbol of power, for his very voice and manner is often enough to draw the attention of his subjects, most often his son Simba and his majordomo Zazu. In addition to physically playing the role of king, Mufasa has a manner that demands respect. The king does not stand for disrespect, as seen when he challenges his brother for not attending the presentation of Simba.

An adult Mufasa coaches Simba on how to pounce properly, reflecting his instructive and playful nature

Despite his strong exterior, Mufasa is kind at heart and playful, showing respect for all the creatures, even those who are perceived as lower than himself. He is not strictly business, often playing games with his majordomo Zazu, and is unafraid of showing affection, as seen when he greets Rafiki with a hug prior to the presentation of Simba. In family life, Mufasa is just as soft-hearted, treating his mate Sarabi with gentle respect and treating his son fairly, even when the cub deliberately disobeys his parents' instructions.

As a king and a father, Mufasa is instructive and wise, borne down by years of experience and instruction. His rule over the Pride Lands results in a period of prosperity, reflecting his reasonable and responsible approach to kingship. His lessons leave a deep imprint on Simba, who learns from his father that every creature must be respected in order for balance to be maintained. In addition to understanding natural balance, Mufasa understands the workings of a family, keeping his mate and son as well as his pride in steady paws.

Mufasa confronts Scar, displaying his more serious and stoic side

Mufasa's wisdom is reinforced by his eternal bravery, seen from his first tussle with the hyenas to his final stand against a stampede of wildebeests. To Simba, he explains that he is only brave when the situation demands it, showing Mufasa to be rational enough to know when interference is needed. If his family is endangered, Mufasa exposes his protective side, ready to throw himself into danger in order to keep those he loves safe. Ultimately, he is willing to sacrifice his life for his family, proving his love to be stronger for his family than for himself.

Despite being killed by Scar, Mufasa does not hold a grudge against the Outsiders who were loyal to his brother, and even attempts to unite the prides through the union of his granddaughter, Kiara, and Scar's adoptive son, Kovu. This shows his forgiving nature, as he does not allow the tragedy that happened to him to cloud his better judgment. This is further supported when he does not harbor any ill feelings toward his grandson Kion when he sports a facial wound similar to Scar's. This reveals that Mufasa does not allow his own death at the claws of Scar to outshine his love for his family members.

Voice actors




  • In Kung Pow: Enter the Fist, Mufasa was spoofed as a character named Moshu-Fasa. In the film, he calls the Chosen One "Simba," to which the Chosen One replies, "I am not Simba." He looks very similar to Mufasa. There is also an Easter egg at the end poking fun at James Earl Jones himself, with the last words of Moshu-Fasa being "This is CNN." Doing a voice-over for a CNN promo was one of James Earl Jones' previous jobs.
  • The roar that Mufasa roars offscreen before saving Simba and Nala from the hyenas isn't actually a real lion's roar, but the combination of a grizzly's roar, a tiger's roar and F-16 Flyby Falcon.
  • Mufasa served as inspiration for Mayor Leodore Lionheart in the 2016 Disney film, Zootopia.

In development

  • Mufasa could have been the father of two, as Mel Shaw's concepts show him with two cubs fiddling with his tail. Mufasa is referred to as "Papa Lion."[7]
  • Mufasa was scripted to sing a song titled "To Be King" during the film's early production, but it didn't suit James Earl Jones's singing voice, so it was scrapped.
  • In the Proud of Simba's Pride documentary, James Earl Jones is seen recording a line, "You have let your family break apart, and in doing so, you have broken the circle of life," for Mufasa.


  1. Revealed in Disney's The Lion King (1994). Written by Irene Mecchi, Jonathan Roberts, and Linda Woolverton, and directed by Roger Allers and Rob Minkoff. Distributed by Buena Vista Pictures Distribution, Inc.
  2. Revealed in Disney's The Lion King (2019). Written by Jeff Nathanson, and directed by Jon Favreau. Distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
  3. Vinitsky, Wendy Baker. The Brightest Star (September 1994). ISBN: 1557236186.
  4. Simmons, Alex. A Tale of Two Brothers (1994). ISBN: 0717283488.
  5. Lion King director clears up online rumour about Mufasa and Scar not being brothers. vt. Retrieved on September 20, 2020.
  6. Revealed in "Paintings and Predictions" from Disney Junior's The Lion Guard. No. 11, Season 1. Written by Elise Allen and Kevin Hopps, and directed by Howy Parkins. Originally aired April 1, 2016.
  7. Papalioandcubs.png
  8. KingOfTheKalahari.png

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